Alcohol Poisoning Dangers and Young Adults

Addiction and Dual Diagnosis Treatment Center  |  Normandy, TN

Table of Contents

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), alcohol use remains a problem for adolescents and young adults. Alcohol exposure has adverse effects on a young, developing brain. 1 Because of the brain’s neuroplasticity (ability to grow and change), alcohol can affect a young brain in ways that are still unknown. Even more troubling, excessive alcohol use can have immediate effects — like alcohol poisoning.

What is Alcohol Poisoning?

Alcohol poisoning, otherwise known as alcohol overdose, happens when the bloodstream contains too much alcohol. During alcohol overdose, areas of the brain that control basic bodily functions begin to shut down. These brain areas manage essential functions like breathing, heart rate, and temperature control. Because these functions are so vital to life, if enough alcohol floods the bloodstream it can lead to serious medical problems — including death.2

What Causes Alcohol Poisoning?

Alcohol poisoning is caused by the consumption of a large amount of alcohol in a short period. Alcohol is toxic to the body and requires timely filtration out of the system. When consumed too quickly, the body cannot process the alcohol fast enough, leading to a buildup in the blood.2

People who binge drink are especially prone to alcohol poisoning. Binge drinking is classified as a drinking pattern that results in a blood alcohol level (BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher. Typically, a female only needs to drink 4 alcoholic beverages in 2 hours to reach a BAC of 0.08. For males, they need to consume about 5 drinks in 2 hours.3

A standard drink is defined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism as equal to:3

  • 5 fluid ounces of wine
  • 12 fluid ounces of regular beer
  • 1.5 fluid ounce shot of distilled spirits like rum or vodka
  • 8-9 fluid ounces of malt liquor
 

Heavy drinking usually peaks during late adolescence and early adulthood, decreasing at about age 26. Before that decline in alcohol use, however, one in five young adults consume alcohol monthly, and one in 10 report binge drinking. About a quarter of young people in schools consumed alcohol in 30 days, and one in seven reported binge drinking on the same day.4

Alcohol Binges and Young Adults

College-age adults are at a higher risk for alcohol poisoning because of the nature of their environment. The social gatherings that make young adulthood fun, such as parties, sports events, or vacations, are also places where alcohol is present. For many young adults, these events are the ideal settings for binge drinking. Unfortunately, binge drinking can be lethal.

College students are likely to participate in binge drinking, which also places them at a higher risk for alcohol overdose. In a 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), roughly 33% of full-time college students reported binging on alcohol in the past month. For young adults not attending college, only 27% reported engaging in binge drinking behavior in the past month.5

The evidence shows high alcohol consumption is prevalent in young adults. For this reason, it’s important to understand the signs and symptoms of alcohol intoxication, also known as being “drunk,” and alcohol poisoning.

What are the Symptoms of Being Drunk?

Alcohol is a depressant, meaning it slows brain and body functions down. The body can filter alcohol out efficiently in small amounts. If more and more alcohol is consumed during a specific time, however, the effects will grow stronger.

Tipsy versus Drunk

As alcohol’s effects begin, the first sign is being “tipsy.” When a person is tipsy, they become talkative and will likely have a shorter attention span. They are also more likely to engage in risky behaviors.

As an individual consumes more alcohol within the next couple of hours, the body begins to accumulate alcohol in the bloodstream, affecting the brain. Someone who is tipsy can quickly become intoxicated or drunk.

The signs of being drunk include:6

  • Increased risk-taking
  • Lack of coordination
  • Vision problems
  • Drowsiness
  • Balance issues
  • Slow heart rate
  • Slow breathing
 

The more alcohol someone consumes, the greater these symptoms become. Drinking too much alcohol can cause a drunk individual to have alcohol poisoning.6

Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol affects individuals differently, depending on their health condition, weight, age, sex, alcohol tolerance, and the use of other substances. The amount of alcohol needed to push a person into an overdose can vary. Knowing the symptoms of alcohol poisoning is essential because it’s a medical emergency. The symptoms of alcohol poisoning are as follows:7

  • In and out of consciousness, or can’t wake up
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Mental confusion
  • Stupor
  • Slow heart rate
  • Slow or irregular breathing
  • Low body temperature
  • Bluish skin color, pale
  • Alcohol seizures
  • Dulled reflexes (choking due to diminished gag reflex)

Risk Factors for Alcohol Poisoning

The most common risk factors for alcohol overdose are the following:

  • Age: Age is a risk factor for alcohol poisoning because young adults are more likely to drink excessively. Teen drinking, though done less often than adult drinking, results in the consumption of higher amounts of alcohol.
  • Gender: Men are more likely than women to binge drink, making them more susceptible to an alcohol overdose.
  • Weight and Body Size: A person’s height and weight may determine how much alcohol a person can absorb. A person who weighs less than another person might become intoxicated quicker.7
  • Drug Use: Alcohol is a depressant that affects the central nervous system and its effects can be impacted by other drugs. Conversely, combined with other depressants like benzodiazepines, alcohol can strengthen the effects and result in an overdose.7
  • Health Conditions: Health conditions can influence alcohol tolerance. Diabetes or liver disease, for example, can increase alcohol’s effects on the body.7

Blood Alcohol Levels Explained

Two individuals can consume the same amount of alcohol and their BAC tests can have very different results based on their risk factors. The timing of a test may also affect the results, and a test is only deemed accurate if performed within 6-12 hours of alcohol consumption.8

Standard BAC guidelines are listed below:8

  • BAC of 0.0 percent: Sober
  • BAC of 0.08 percent: Legally Intoxicated
  • BAC of 0.08–0.40 percent: Very Impaired
  • BAC of  above 0.40 percent: At Risk for Serious Complications (People at this level may be at risk for coma or fatal results.)

Teen Alcohol Use

Young adults and adolescents drink alcohol for several reasons. The teen years are a time of exploration and experimentation, and unfortunately, drugs and alcohol can become part of that process. Teens are also prone to risk-taking behavior, making them more apt to make poor decisions about drugs and alcohol. Advertising, whether through magazine ads, commercials, or movies, can also lead teens and hound adults to believe that drinking is acceptable and even necessary.9

Unfortunately, alcohol poisoning can be more problematic for teenagers. Because they’re underage, they may be hesitant to seek help when a peer is overdosing. In addition, they might be unaware that alcohol can be lethal and minimize signs of poisoning.9

Signs of Teen Drinking

Teen drinking can be hard to detect, but there are signs to look out for:9

  • Changes in concentration
  • Difficulty remembering things
  • Slurred speech
  • Problems with coordination
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Poor or blurred vision
  • Problems with schoolwork

Alcohol Poisoning Treatment

When someone is suspected to have alcohol poisoning, it’s an emergency event. Before emergency responders arrive on the scene, it is important to:

  • Try to keep the individual awake and sitting up to prevent choking.
  • If they’re unconscious, turn them over on their side and monitor for choking.
  • Offer water if they’re able to drink.
  • Provide emergency responders with as much information as possible about what the person consumed, how long they’ve been drinking.
 

In the hospital, the following possible intervention for alcohol poisoning treatment: 10

  • Monitoring of vital signs
  • Insertion of a tube to prevent choking, open airways, and provide oxygen
  • Intravenous fluids to treat and prevent dehydration
  • Administration of nutrients and glucose
  • Insertion of a urinary catheter if a patient is unconscious
  • Gastric lavage (stomach pump) to remove alcohol in the stomach

How to Prevent Alcohol Poisoning and Teen Drinking

Teaching teens and young adults about the dangers of alcohol can save lives. One way to prevent alcohol poisoning is to have an open dialogue about teen drinking. Caregivers can communicate to teens the dangers of alcohol, including the hazards of binge drinking and alcohol poisoning. Additionally, caregivers can limit a teen’s access to alcohol by locking up alcoholic beverages. The most important thing a caregiver can do, however, is to role model responsible behavior when it comes to alcohol.

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Gina Bowman

Executive Assistant

Gina Bowman is the Executive Assistant at Brooks Healing Center. She was born in Florida but resides in Murfreesboro, Tennessee with her husband, Tyler Bowman, and two daughters Charlotte and Isabella.

Gina is a friendly, loyal, and dedicated individual. She has a heart for helping others and understands the effects of addiction and the toll it can take on families. She is the one that helps make things happen behind the scenes and brings fun ideas to Brooks Healing Center as well as keeping things organized. 

Colleen Bradford, MBA, BA-MHR

Executive Director, Human Resources Director

Colleen Believes servitude towards others provides a solid foundation for personal and professional growth. She is a calm problem solver who juggles multiple situations simultaneously and works confidently and efficiently in even the most challenging, fast-paced environments. She is highly regarded for her consistent ability to apply sound judgment, emotional intelligence, and etiquette to sensitive, confidential, and unpredictable situations. She is an organized, professional, resourceful, and seasoned healthcare professional with diverse skills for boosting organizational productivity and quality of care initiatives.

Colleen has a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in business administration with a minor in health care administration from Trevecca Nazarene University. She has been married for 32 years to Doyle Bradford, and they have two sons, Thomas and Allen Bradford, along with two grandchildren, Ben and Faith Bradford. She is excited to have this unique opportunity to serve her community. She is a phenomenal cookie baker and mother figure to those at the Brooks Healing Center. We are honored to have her be a part of our vision. 

Frank Throneberry

Co-Founder and COO

Frank is a lifelong 7th generation native of Middle Tennessee. Frank cares for his local community and keeping Tennessee healthy, knowing that people all over the USA seek out his home state’s friendly and outdoor atmosphere. He is a hardworking and energetic person that is no stranger to going out of his way to help others.

Frank started his recovery from alcohol and substance abuse over seven years ago. He is continually working on a recovery program and became passionate about sharing his story, helping others, and supporting others to find freedom from their addiction. He also formerly owned and managed ‘recovery community’ homes where he walked with and encouraged many individuals in their journey. Frank’s servant attitude is what helps him listen, understand, and put others’ needs first.

Outside of his career, Frank cherishes his time with his wife, Maribeth, and his three children: Jackson, Piper, and Charlie. They enjoy the great outdoors on their family farm in Shelbyville, TN, and boating and fishing with family on Tim’s Ford Lake. He is a dedicated husband and father. 

James “Tyler” Bowman

Founder and CEO

Tyler is the heart of the Brooks Healing Center. His vision is to guide others to find their own recovery and to thrive in life. Tyler was fortunate to have lived through his addiction and now finds fulfillment in serving others. Tyler has worked in the substance abuse field for over five years and felt convicted to build a place where individuals are loved until they can learn to love themselves.  

Tyler has the love and support of his family as he continues to provide care to those who have lost themselves along the way. Tyler is the father of two daughters, Charlotte, his oldest, and Isabella, his youngest. Tyler’s wife, Gina, supports the Brooks Healing Center’s vision, and she shares his passion for helping others as well.  

Tyler has a story to tell and is willing to share his experiences, good or bad, with anyone. Brooks Healing Center is the way he gives back for all he took when he was using. For the past seven years, Tyler has gone beyond to share his recovery and is thriving in life.